History & discoveries

First building is erected in Swakopmund a barrack for troops. First people to be buried in the local cemetery – 5 sailors who drowned in boat accident. Lieutenant Troost’s attempts to solve transport problem by introducing ” Martin Luther ”. First post office in town. Introduction of cable telegraph service. Water pipeline from Swakop. First passengers is landed at the Mole. Telephone service established with 40 subscribers. The newspaper Deutsche Suedwestafrikanische Zeitung published. Swakopmund is an independent municipality.

Majors and Degrees

This time, our destination is Transylvania, the central region of Romania, the best-known and perhaps the most attractive for first-time visitors. Transylvania is, in fact, a myriad of historical monuments, traditional villages, old cities and terrific nature panoramas. Cities The must-visit cities of each region. Alba Iulia Alba Iulia is the symbolic capital of Romania. In and , the union of Romanian historical provinces was decided and celebrated in this old city that still conserves traces of the ancient Roman occupation.

One full day is enough to discover the citadel of Alba Iulia, wonderfully restored a few years back, but we do suggest you stay a second day to enjoy the scenic surroundings of Trascaului Mountains.

The Iraqi soccer team has had many major achievements. These include going to the finals in the World Cup in Mexico in , winning the Asian Cup in , and winning fourth place in the Olympic Games in , the highest achievement of any Asian team.

See Article History Japanese architecture, the built structures of Japan and their context. A pervasive characteristic of Japanese architecture—and, indeed, of all the visual arts of Japan—is an understanding of the natural world as a source of spiritual insight and an instructive mirror of human emotion. General characteristics An indigenous religious sensibility that long preceded Buddhism perceived that a spiritual realm was manifest in nature.

Rock outcroppings, waterfalls, and gnarled old trees were viewed as the abodes of spirits and were understood as their personification. This belief system endowed much of nature with numinous qualities. The cycle of the seasons was deeply instructive and revealed, for example, that immutability and transcendent perfection were not natural norms. Everything was understood as subject to a cycle of birth, fruition, death, and decay. Imported Buddhist notions of transience were thus merged with the indigenous tendency to seek instruction from nature.

Attentive proximity to nature developed and reinforced an aesthetic that generally avoided artifice. In the production of works of art, the natural qualities of constitutive materials were given special prominence and understood as integral to whatever total meaning a work professed. When, for example, Japanese Buddhist sculpture of the 9th century moved from the stucco or bronze Tang models and turned for a time to natural, unpolychromed woods, already ancient iconographic forms were melded with a preexisting and multilevel respect for wood.


Arched doorways, stone staircases, small Venetian harbor and narrow streets are characterizing the now days city, one of the most popular holiday destinations for those they travel to Greece. Other monuments of the town include the picturesque Venetian harbor full with small fishing boats, restaurants and the old stone light house, recently restored, the Neratze mosque St.

Crete is a land of breathtaking scenery with beautiful sandy beaches , fertile green valleys and towering snow peaked mountains. It is a lively mix of old traditions and a modern living. There is already a golf resort near Heraklion and two more will be available in the next few years.

Through our multi-exchange platform architecture, the ad inventory is connected to all major ad exchanges. Therefore, directs deals, preferred deals and private marketplaces can be executed on the exchange of the buyer’s choice, resulting in additional business opportunites.

Culture and Life Architecture The Columbus Quincentennial in sparked a major refurbishing of the colonial architecture of Puerto Rico. The island’s architectural heritage is Spanish, of course, as seen in the narrow, winding cobblestone streets and the pastel-colored, tile-roofed buildings with ornate balconies and heavy wooden doors that open onto inner courtyards in the style of Andalusia in southern Spain.

Current restoration and renewal projects focus on Old San Juan and the city of Ponce. It is estimated that there are at least structures of historic value in Old San Juan, including some of the finest examples of Spanish colonial architecture in the New World. Old San Juan was Spain’s major center of commerce and military power in the West Indies for nearly four centuries. Because Old San Juan had no space for expansion, new buildings had to be erected to the east of the old town, in what is known today as the modern city of San Juan.

Thus, most of the old structures have survived more or less since the 16th-century. On a walking tour of Old San Juan, you will see an architectural melange of buildings that range from the style popular during the Spanish Conquest to the neoclassical style of the 19th century. The most significant of all is El Morro Fortress, largest in the Caribbean, which has stood guard over San Juan Bay for more than four centuries.

La Fortaleza, dating from , is another World Heritage Site. Built to protect Spanish settlers from attack by the cannibalistic Carib tribes, it was at first a small medieval-style fortress with two round towers. In time, it became the residence of the island’s governors. Still in use today, it is the official residence of the governor of Puerto Rico and the oldest executive mansion in continuous use in the New World.

Marrakech 3

Oceanic art and architecture after European contact Effects of European contact The earliest Westerners to explore the Pacific Ocean undertook their dangerous voyages with firm determination to discover wealth in one form or another. Except in rare cases, they had no lively curiosity about the islanders. They engaged neither their interests nor their skills in recording island life; indeed, their visits were often too brief to leave time for observations.

Tense and even hostile encounters were frequent and must have further distorted the mutual views of those involved. They reveal that in general the material culture they witnessed was approximately the same as was recorded and collected by the late 18th-century explorers and their successors. Thus it seems that, in many parts of the Pacific, material culture had reached a settled state by the 16th century and remained conservative for two more centuries.

Expensify atrium and ‘treehouses’ (Garrett Rowland)BY BRIAN LIBBY. Dear readers, I feel like I owe you an apology. Here I am, passing myself off for the past 18 years or so as someone who knows and has experienced the best of Portland’s architecture.

Search Amazon for books, videos, music CDs, toys, electronics. Just select the category, type in your keyword s and click search. The Abbey later Cathedral at Gloucester was no exception. The degree of architectural experimentation in the Abbey Church is one of the factors that make it a notable building of this period. There were six major phases of construction: The crypt at Gloucester was much larger and more versatile than the Anglo-Saxon predecessor.

The crypt is provided with altars and chapels and does not seem to have been constructed simply to house relics. This is the fifth Anglo-Norman example of this type of crypt. The eleventh century crypt is also described as unusual outside of cathedral churches. The second phase of construction began after the accession of Abbot Wigmore. The abbots of Bristol, Kingswood, and Malmesbury had all refused the dead king burial within their precincts.

Thokey sent a chariot to Berkeley Castle to receive the dead king.

The Guide to the Perfect Vacation in Crete

Long time, no post! A year’s gone by since I’ve last updated this blog, and after some fortunate persuasion by several people, I’ve finally convinced myself that it’s high time to continue posting here. I don’t want to include too much personal stuff on this blog, but life’s been a little crazy for the past eleven months, and certainly quite busy.

College, friends, and internet culture kind of takes over, and all of a sudden, you find you aren’t updating things like you used to! Anyway, hopefully that’s over, and I can continue to post photographs and information here, celebrating Michigan’s architecture.

Editorial team. The London Architecture Diary is managed by New London Architecture, an independent forum for discussion, debate and information about architecture, planning, development and construction in the capital.

Architecture of Ancient Rome Roman architecture, even more than the rest of Roman art , reflected the practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators. As the Roman Empire expanded to engulf not only the Mediterranean region but also large areas of Western Europe, Roman architects struggled to achieve two overriding aims: To this end, they mastered a number of important architectural techniques, including the arch, the dome and the vault, as well as the use of concrete.

Using these methods, Roman engineers designed and built some of the greatest public buildings in the history of architecture , including temples, basilicas, amphitheatres, triumphal arches, monuments, and public baths. In addition, to further reinforce the ideals of the Pax Romana and, above all, maintain efficiency and order, Roman architects designed numerous aqueducts, drainage systems, and bridges, as well as a vast network of roads, while planners developed a series of urban blueprints, based on army camps, to help create new towns from scratch.

Roman architects absorbed a great deal from Etruscan art and design, and had huge respect for both Greek architecture and Greek sculpture. They also learned from Egyptian pyramid architecture and stonework. Architecture is Ancient Rome’s unique contribution to the history of art and to the culture of Europe. It is far more influential than the various forms of Roman sculpture , most of which were derived from the Greeks. Among the greatest buildings erected by the Romans, were: Many aspects of Roman building design were examined by the architect Marcus Vitruvius active, late 1st century BCE in his architectural treatise De architectura c.

Roman Characteristics Mighty Rome!

Architectural Speed Dating

Tholos Tombs For centuries the Minoans used Tholos Tombs and sacred caves, along with pithoi and larnakes for burial of their dead. Many Tholos Tombs have been found in Crete dating back to prepalatial times. They were usually round in shape with one short entrance, although tholos tombs rectangular in shape were not unusual, like the ones found in Palekastro, and some were cut into hill sides, while most were free-standing structures. What has survived to date consists of the foundations or the lower part of the walls, so it is difficult to gauge their height or their shape at the top.

It is believed however that many had a flat wood framed roof. The largest tholos tomb is found in Platanos and measures about 13 meters in diameter.

Japanese architecture: Japanese architecture, the built structures of Japan and their context. A pervasive characteristic of Japanese architecture—and, indeed, of all the visual arts of Japan—is an understanding of the natural world as a source of spiritual insight .

Bantu, a linguistically related group of about 60 million people living in equatorial and southern Africa, probably originated in West Africa, migrating downward gradually into southern Africa. The Bantu migration was one of the largest in human history. The cause of this movement is uncertain, but is believed related to population increase, a result of the introduction of new crops, such as the banana native to south Asia , allowing more efficient food production.

Societies typically depended on subsistence agriculture or, in the savannas, pastoral pursuits. Political organization was normally local, although large kingdoms would later develop in western and central Africa. Today, among the Bantu language groups, the most widely spoken Bantu-derived language is Arab-influenced Swahili, which is used as a lingua franca a language used in common by different peoples to facilitate commerce and trade by up to 50 million speakers on the eastern coast of Africa.

Ethnic groups descended from the Bantu include the Shona, the Xhosa, the Kikuyu, and the Zulu, of the Eastern Bantu language branch; and the Herero and Tonga peoples, of the Western Bantu language branch. Languages of the World – Africa, 14th ed.

Chinese architecture

The site diagram should evolve as the plan evolves and act as the core planning document as changes are proposed and made in the diagram. Site diagrams are excellent for planning both the broad scope of the site and the details of where each piece of content, navigation, or interactive functionality will appear. For major planning meetings consider printing at least one large diagram of the site organization, so that everyone can see the big picture as it develops from meeting to meeting.

The room palace took 15 years to build, and it provides an opportunity to admire and learn about Moroccan architecture. A short walk from the palace, through the old Jewish quarter, you’ll come to the Saadian dynasty tombs, dating back to the 17th century.

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10 Things You Need to Know About Dating an Architect